The extent of bulk collection of phone calls and metadata would not ben known have it not been Edward Snowden. He's represented by the ACLU and the Government Accountability Project. Have Snowden not come forward, the extent of our Government collection of personal information would not been revealed and there would not be a lawsuit because of the secrecy that been so pervasive that members of Congress were not fully informed.
"A federal appeals court has ruled that the National Security Agency program to collect information on billions of telephone calls made or received by Americans is illegal.
"In an opinion issued Thursday, a three-judge panel from the New York-based 2nd Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals held that a law Congress passed allowing collection of information relevant to terrorism investigations does not authorize the so-called “bulk collection” of phone records on the scale of the NSA program. The judges did not address whether the program violated the Constitution."
It would be good to have this go to the Supreme Court. While initially side stepping the issue about the pervasive nature of collection, President Obama did conduct a review of this programs.
"Writing for a unanimous panel, Judge Gerard Lynch said allowing the government to gather data in a blanket fashion was not consistent with the statute used to carry out the program: Section 215 of the PATRIOT Act. "
“The interpretation urged by the government would require a drastic expansion of the term ‘relevance,’ not only with respect to § 215, but also as that term is construed for purposes of subpoenas, and of a number of national security-related statutes, to sweep further than those statutes have ever been thought to reach,” Lynch wrote in an opinion joined by Judges Robert Sack and Vernon Broderick. "